The world, humanity and practically everything related to human beings tends to evolve over time. And in the case of industry, it’s no different. In this article we will talk about Industry 4.0. To better understand the subject, keep reading!
There are some terms that are common to most people these days, at least in name. These terms are: artificial intelligence, robotics, cloud and internet of things.
Terms that a few years ago were not known at all, today they are part of everyday life for all of us. These are technologies that are part of a very familiar concept in the industrial sector: Industry 4.0.
Also known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution, this phenomenon is massively changing automation and data exchange. As well as production stages and business models, through the use of machines and computers.
Innovation, efficiency and customization are the key words to define the concept of Industry 4.0.
Industry 4.0 has a significant impact on productivity, as it increases the efficiency of the use of resources and the development of large-scale products, in addition to promoting the integration of Brazil into global value chains.
In addition, it will imply changes in business management. Mainly the strategy to implement technologies, such as cooperation between the areas of information technology (IT) and production.
The incorporation of Advanced Robotics, Machine-Machine Connection Systems, Internet of Things and Sensors and Actuators used in these equipments allows machines to “talk” throughout industrial operations.
This can allow the generation of information and the connection of the different stages of the value chain, from the development of new products, projects, production, to after-sales.
How does Industry 4.0 help in practice?
The benefits achieved with the implementation of Industry 4.0 are many. The use of digital technologies in the industry allowed for an average increase of 22% in the productive capacity of micro, small and medium-sized companies in the food and beverage, metalworking, furniture, clothing and footwear segments.
Many still believe that talking about industry 4.0 is talking about complex, extremely expensive tools, and that only large companies with international operations have access to the new mode of production.
Through the Industry More Advanced pilot program of the National Service for Industrial Learning (SENAI), carried out between May 2018 and October 2019 in 43 companies in 24 states, the impact on market production with the use of tools was verified. cost-effective, such as: sensing, cloud computing and the Internet of Things (IoT).
The conclusion of the program shows that productivity gains are more related to how much is learned from the production process. And how this learning is transformed into concrete actions. Microenterprises benefited most from the initial use of digital technologies.
In Brazil, the development of Industry 4.0 involves challenges ranging from investments in equipment that incorporate these technologies, to the adaptation of layouts, adaptation of processes and forms of relationship between companies along the production chain, creation of new specialties and development of skills, among others.
The fact is that the Fourth Industrial Revolution has already started. And that those companies that do not follow this trend will gradually lose market share.
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